The origin, growth and maintenance in being of all skeletal tissues (cartilage as well as bone) are all secondary, compensatory and mechanically obligatory responses to the prior demand of soft tissues, as related organs, tissues and functioning spaces, collectively defined as functional matrices. Each function of the head and face is carried out by a constellation of organs, tissues and functioning spaces. The histologically observed process of bone deposition, resorption and in nonosseus tissues, interstitial growth, alters of the size and/or shape of skeletal tissues. The soft tissues have an overall effect in altering the form of the skeletal units. Muscles are an excellent example of the type of functional matrix associated with transformative growth of the bones of the body and the face as well, as they attach to the fibrous, outer layer of the periosteum (periosteal matrix) thus guiding skeletal growth, development and maintenance.
Mariano Rocabado, PT, DPT, ccTT is a doctor of physical therapy and dean of the faculty of rehabilitation sciences at the University of Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. In the academic field, he is a full professor at the University of Chile, Department of Orthodontics, and full professorat the School of Physical Therapy, University of Andres Bello. He is also a professor at the Orthopaedic Manual Therapy Masters program, and the Masters Program in Physiopathology of the Craniocervical, Craniomandibular and Facial Pain Program, University of Andres Bello.
– Describe the concept of functional matrix and its impact in myofunctionl therapy.
– Define processes by which muscle activity impacts bone growth and development.
– Predict and often prevent non-genetic skeletal disorders in children and adults.