Considered as an interdisciplinary approach, OMT is a very important type of treatment for TMD patients. Functional changes in breathing, chewing, swallowing, and also in speech may interfere with the balance of the temporomandibular joints. When associated with surface electromyography procedures, OMT is a conservative, non-invasive technique that can help prevent, diagnose, and treat a very common disturbance, orofacial pain. The relationships between temporomandibular joints (TMJ) structures, muscle activity and neural control
should be analyzed in order to choose the best procedures. SEMG can help define the diagnosis and the type of treatment such as biofeedback, botulin toxin, orthodontics procedures and OMT. After the diagnosis, the most relevant orofacial exercises for TMD patients, as well as the relief maneuvers may be chosen. These exercises will be demonstrated during the workshop. As a bonus, the workshop will demonstrate the strong relationship existing between TMD and Sleep Disorders. Treating these two disturbances should emphasize nasal breathing and oral posture during sleep. The necessity of TMJ’s examination and care is indispensable before selecting Intraoral devices for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea.
1) Identify the advantages of early functional approach to diagnosis and treatment of TMD within an interdisciplinary team
2) Understand how the surface electromyography can help to define diagnosis and the type of treatment for their TMJ patients such as biofeedback, botulin toxin, orthodontics procedures and OMT
3) Know, choose and apply the main orofacial exercises for TMD patients, as well as the relief maneuvers associated with interdisciplinary treatments.